If you are conducting business with the Government of Saskatchewan by mail, please be advised that delivery may be delayed due to rotating postal strikes. Various measures are in place to ensure service to Saskatchewan residents and businesses during postal strike action.

Google Translate Disclaimer

A number of pages on the Government of Saskatchewan`s web site have been professionally translated in French. These translations are identified by a yellow text box that resembles the link below and can be found in the right hand rail of the page. The home page for French-language content on this site can be found here:

Renseignements en Français

Where an official translation is not available, Google™ Translate can be used. Google™ Translate is a free online language translation service that can translate text and web pages into different languages. Translations are made available to increase access to Government of Saskatchewan content for populations whose first language is not English.

The results of software-based translation do not approach the fluency of a native speaker or possess the skill of a professional translator. The translation should not be considered exact, and may include incorrect or offensive language Government of Saskatchewan does not warrant the accuracy, reliability or timeliness of any information translated by this system. Some files or items cannot be translated, including graphs, photos, and other file formats such as portable document formats (PDFs).

Any person or entities that rely on information obtained from the system does so at his or her own risk. Government of Saskatchewan is not responsible for any damage or issues that may possibly result from using translated website content. If you have any questions about Google™ Translate, please visit: Google™ Translate FAQs.

Feeding Silage

Feeding Silage

In large feedlots, silage is usually distributed to the feed bunks with a mixer feed truck or a feed wagon. Loading the silage from a trench or bunker silo is accomplished with a front-end loader. The loader scrapes a slice from the silage face and loads the silage into a mixer feed truck or wagon. With a reasonable amount of care and attention, losses of silage between the silo and the animal should be less than four per cent.  

With small livestock operations, self-feeding of silage is sometimes used to reduce machinery operation costs. For self-feeding, cattle require a 25 cm (10 in.) width of feeding space per head. Maximum silo height is 2.4 m (8 ft.). In winter, at least 10 cm (4 in.) should be consumed from the face of the silo each day to minimize losses (in summer, 15 cm or 6 in.). Based on 50 head consuming 34 kg (75 lb.) of 65 per cent moisture silage per day, a 12 m (40 ft.) wide silo, 2.4 m (8 ft.) high, would have 10 cm (4 in.) removed each day. However, summer use would reduce silo height by one-third to remove 15 cm (6 in.) of silage off the surface.

Figure 1 - Barley haylage in a tube being used as winter forage.
Limited feeding in winter will reduce height by approximately half, as more feeding space is required per head. The decreased height means there is greater surface area relative to silo capacity; i.e., surface spoilage losses are a greater percentage of the total. Self-feeding often results in animals wasting feed. Systems based on self-feeding should be used with an understanding of the limitations of the method of feeding.

We need your feedback to improve saskatchewan.ca. Help us improve