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Crop Report

For the Period October 30 to November 5, 2018

Saskatchewan Agriculture has a group of 211 volunteer crop reporters from across the province. Thank you for your valued dedication to the crop report. In 2018, there are six crop reporters reaching their 20 year milestone; seven reaching 25 years; eight reaching 30 years; four reaching 35 years; and two reaching 40 years.
Congratulations!!


Saskatchewan Harvest
November 5, 2018
Per cent  combined 

Winter wheat-----------100
Fall rye*-----------------100
Spring wheat-------------99
Durum--------------------100
Oats**---------------------98
Barley*--------------------99
Canaryseed--------------100
Flax------------------------98
Canola---------------------99
Mustard------------------100
Soybeans-----------------99
Lentils--------------------100
Peas----------------------100
Chickpeas----------------100
*includes eight per cent ‘other’
**includes five per cent ‘other’

Warm and sunny weather in mid-to-late October allowed producers to return to the field and finish combining. Harvest has all but wrapped up, as 99 per cent of the crop is now combined, according to Saskatchewan Agriculture’s final Crop Report of 2018. Snow and rain in early November is delaying the harvest of the remaining crops such as flax and oats; however, producers hope to be back combining once the weather improves. Aeration bins and grain dryers have been in continuous operation on many farms for well over a month.

Although harvest conditions were less than ideal for most of the fall, producers were able to pull off average to above-average crop quality overall. Crops that came off prior to the rain and snow in September have been grading in the top two grades, while some crops that have recently come off have been downgraded due to weather-related factors such as sprouting, bleaching, staining and frost. There have been limited reports of diseases such as fusarium head blight and ergot affecting crop production this year.  

Crop yields vary greatly across the province, mainly due to the amount of moisture received throughout the season. Overall provincial yields are about par with the 10-year average, although many areas are reporting higher-than-expected yields thanks to timely rain. Yields in many southern and central areas were significantly affected by the hot and dry conditions this summer. Average provincial yields at this time are being reported as 43 bushels per acre for hard red spring wheat, 38 bushels per acre for canola, 22 bushels per acre for soybeans, 35 bushels per acre for field peas, 61 bushels per acre for barley, 1,236 lb. per acre for lentils and 1,153 lb. per acre for chickpeas.

While topsoil and subsoil moisture conditions remain a concern in much of the province, they have drastically improved with the recent snow and rain. Significant moisture will still be needed heading into winter to replenish what has been lost throughout the growing season. Many producers have indicated that the subsoil is very dry and that growing conditions may be affected next year if conditions do not improve. Heading into winter, topsoil moisture on cropland is rated as five per cent surplus, 64 per cent adequate, 24 per cent short and seven per cent very short. Hay land and pasture topsoil moisture is rated as two per cent surplus, 52 per cent adequate, 36 per cent short and 10 per cent very short.

Average hay yields on dry land are reported as 1.0 ton per acre (alfalfa and alfalfa/brome), 0.9 ton per acre (other tame hay), 0.7 ton per acre (wild hay) and 1.7 tons per acre (greenfeed). Hay quality going into winter is rated as one per cent excellent, 85 per cent good, 13 per cent fair and one per cent poor. 

At this time, most livestock producers have indicated that they will have adequate supplies of hay, straw, greenfeed and feed grain heading into winter; however, producers in drier areas of the province are reporting that they will have inadequate winter feed supplies and that shortages are likely if the winter season is extended. 

With the drier-than-normal field conditions at fall seeding time, the number of acres seeded to winter cereals is below average in most areas; however, rain in September allowed the winter cereal crops to germinate and establish in many areas. When time and weather permit, producers hope to continue with fall work such as working and cleaning up fields, picking rocks, hauling grain and bales, moving cattle and putting down fertilizer.

Provincial Estimated Crop Yields - November 5, 2018
Winter
wheat
Fall rye HRSW Other
wheat*
Durum Oat Barley Canaryseed
Southeast 37 36 46 51 39 72 68 1,038
Southwest 25 30 30 26 29 45 45 825
East Central 44 39 42 44 36 82 58 1,134
West Central 25 26 41 57 36 70 56 977
Northeast 35 N/A 49 55 N/A 102 71 1,200
Northwest N/A N/A 47 70 N/A 85 72 N/A
Provincial  38 30 43 53 32 82 61 1,048
Flax Canola Mustard Soybean Pea Lentil Chickpea
Southeast 24 37 1,077 22 37 1,502 1,260
Southwest 15 28 868 12 23 1,022 1,153
East Central 24 36 1,174 23 40 1,467 900
West Central 35 38 1,143 18 40 1,352 N/A
Northeast 26 43 N/A 11 43 N/A N/A
Northwest 30 46 N/A 22 43 1,800 N/A
Provincial  23 38 976 22 35 1,236 1,153  
* 'Other wheat' includes all wheat classes other than Hard Red Spring Wheat
** Crop yield predictions at this point in time. Please keep in mind these are regional averages, and yields can vary greatly across an area.
*** Canaryseed, mustard, lentil and chickpea in lbs./ac. All other crops in bu./ac.
**** There is no 10-year provincial average for soybean and 'other wheat' as these categories were first reported in 2014

Saskatchewan Harvest by Crop District November 5, 2018
Crop
District
Per cent
combined
  Crop
District
Per cent
combined
  Crop
District
Per cent
combined
1A 100 4A 99 7A 99
1B 100 4B 99 7B 99
2A 100 5A 99 8A 99
2B 99 5B 97 8B 99
3ASE 100 6A 100 9AE 99
3ASW 99 6B 100 9AW 98
3AN 100     9B 97
3BS 99        
3BN 100        

Maps and Tables

Farmzone.com - Short-term and long-term weather forecasts including P.O.P and precip accumulation; almanac data including sunrise/sunset times; and daily planning forecasts including drying index, growing degree days and crop heat units.