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Crop Report

Saskatchewan Agriculture has a group of 200 volunteer crop reporters from across the province. Thank you for your valued dedication to the crop report. In 2022, there are seven crop reporters reaching their 25-year milestone; one reaching 30 years; two reaching 40 years; and two who have reported for over 45 years.

Congratulations!!

For the Period October 11 to 17, 2022

Saskatchewan Harvest
October 17, 2022
% combined
Winter wheat 100
Fall rye* 100
Spring wheat 100
Durum 100
Oats** 100
Barley*** 100
Canaryseed 100
Flax 97
Canola 99
Mustard 100
Soybeans 92
Lentils 100
Peas 100
Chickpeas 100

*includes two per cent 'other'

**includes five per cent 'other'

***includes 10 per cent 'other'

Harvest is virtually complete across Saskatchewan as dry weather through much of September and October allowed producers to effectively harvest their crops without major weather delays.

Harvest started early for many producers in the southwest and west-central regions after another dry growing season. Late seeding dates and weekly precipitation during the flowering and seed filling stages delayed harvest in the eastern and northern parts of the province until the latter half of August, but resulted in higher yield potential. However, the weather remained dry, and producers were able to gain momentum with their harvest and get all their crop in without any major issues.

Now that harvest is complete in all regions of the province, producers would like to see some steady precipitation before the ground freezes and winter arrives.

Crop yields vary throughout the province, depending heavily on the amount of moisture received throughout the season. Yields in the southwest and west-central regions are once again below average, with some producers reporting slightly improved yields compared to last year. Yields in the eastern and northern regions were much improved and many producers are reporting yields higher than average. The largest impacts on yields this year were drought, gophers, grasshoppers, wind and drowned out crops in the spring.

Average yields are being estimated as 44 bushels per acre for hard red spring wheat, 31 bushels per acre for durum, 93 bushels per acre for oats, 64 bushels per acre for barley, 36 bushels per acre for canola, 34 bushels per acre for peas and 1,165 pounds per acre for lentils.

Quality ratings for all crops are largely in the top two grade categories for each respective crop. The largest contributors to downgrading were light kernel weights due to drought, insect damage, grain bleaching or discolouring from rain, and an increase in diseases such as ergot in cereal crops such as spring wheat and durum.

Moisture conditions are a concern for some producers, especially those who have struggled through the season with infrequent and minimal rainfalls. Even the regions that started the year with a surplus of moisture are now becoming very dry and producers are hoping for rain soon.

Significant precipitation will be needed this fall and over winter to replenish moisture levels in the soil and dugouts. Heading into winter, topsoil moisture on cropland is rated as 22 per cent adequate, 35 per cent short and 43 per cent very short. Hay and pasture land topsoil moisture is rated as 16 per cent adequate, 37 per cent short and 47 per cent very short.

Hay yields greatly improved across much of the province as higher amounts of precipitation allowed for early growth and rapid regrowth throughout the growing season. Hay land in the southwest and west-central struggled once again through drought-like conditions which resulted in less-than-optimal hay yields. Provincially, average hay yields on dry land are reported as 1.4 tons per acre (alfalfa), 1.4 tons per acre (alfalfa/brome and wild hay), 1.10 tons per acre (other tame hay) and 2 tons per acre (greenfeed). On irrigated land, the estimated average hay yields are 2 tons per acre (alfalfa), 2.3 tons per acre (alfalfa/brome), 1.5 tons per acre (wild hay) and 3 tons per acre (greenfeed). Most of the hay going into winter is rated as fair to excellent, with only one per cent rated as poor.

Due to improved hay yields, winter feed supplies for livestock such as cattle have also improved. Producers in the northern and eastern regions have indicated they will have surplus or adequate inventories of hay, straw, green feed and feed grain. Producers in the southwest and west-central report they did not have the ability to replenish their feed stocks completely and are sourcing their feed from other parts of the province, with some purchasing hay from Alberta or Manitoba. For some producers, their feed inventory is too depleted and feed too costly to purchase, leading them to reduce their herd size to fit the feed they have available.

Water hauling was once again common for many areas of the province as dugouts, sloughs and other water bodies dried up and become unsafe for livestock. Producers constantly tested water quality and were forced to move cattle off pastures that had unsafe water, putting increased pressure on already struggling grasslands. More rain and an above average snowfall this winter is needed to ensure that water quantity and quality is not an issue next year.

Now that harvest is complete, farmers will be able to complete fall work such as fixing fences, moving cattle, hauling grain and bales, picking rocks and other miscellaneous field work. Farmers will continue to do their field work until the ground freezes or a big snowfall occurs.

This is the final Crop Report of the 2022 growing season.

Harvest by Crop District October 17, 2022
Crop District Per cent combined Crop District Per cent combined Crop District Per cent combined
1A 100 4A 100 7A 100
1B 100 4B 100 7B 100
2A 100 5A 98 8A 100
2B 100 5B 99 8B 100
3ASE 100 6A 100 9AE 100
3ASW 100 6B 100 9AW 100
3AN 100 9B 100
3BS 100
3BN 100
Provincial Estimated Crop Yields - October 17, 2022
  Winter wheat Fall rye HRSW Other wheat* Durum Oat Barley Canary
seed
Southeast 53 47 47 46 49 84 72 1250
Southwest 26 23 26 25 25 45 38 593
East Central 49 49 47 47 38 93 71 1400
West Central 18 26 35 27 27 49 44 915
Northeast 53 52 58 56 56 115 83 1333
Northwest N/A 85 54 64 N/A 100 71 N/A
Provincial 36 40 44 44 31 93 64 1195
10 prov. avg.
(2012-2021)
41 38 41 N/A 36 81 59 1125
Flax Canola Mustard Soybean Pea Lentil Chickpea
Southeast 28 39 995 32 40 1413 1177  
Southwest 16 19 684 10 24 1017 1032
East Central 25 40 1462 30 44 1464 1200
West Central 20 26 602 25 26 1193 1250
Northeast 31 44 N/A N/A 38 N/A N/A
Northwest 28 38 N/A N/A 38 1200 N/A
Provincial 24 36 764 32 34 1165 1072
10 prov. avg.
(2012-2021) 
23 33 967 N/A 35 1312 1322  
* 'Other wheat' includes all wheat classes other than Hard Red Spring Wheat.
** Crop yield predictions at this point in time. Please keep in mind these are regional averages, and yields can vary greatly across an area.
*** canaryseed, mustard, lentil and chickpea in lbs/ac. All other crops in bu/ac.

Maps and Tables

Farmzone.com – Short-term and long-term weather forecasts including P.O.P and precipitation accumulation; almanac data including sunrise/sunset times; and daily planning forecasts including drying index, growing degree days and crop heat units.