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Crop Report

For the Period October 13 to 19, 2020 - Final Crop Report

Saskatchewan Agriculture has a group of 186 volunteer crop reporters from across the province. Thank you for your valued dedication to the crop report. In 2020, there are five crop reporters reaching their 25-year milestone; three reaching 30 years; two reaching 35 years; three reaching 40 years; and two reaching 45 years.

Congratulations!!

Saskatchewan Harvest
October 19, 2020
Per cent combined
Winter wheat . . . . 100
Fall rye* . . . . . . . . . 100
Spring wheat . . . . . 100
Durum . . . . . . . . . . .100
Oats** . . . . . . . . . . . 100
Barley*** . . . . . . . . 100
Canaryseed . . . . . . 100
Flax . . . . . . . . . . . . . .100
Canola . . . . . . . . . . . 100
Mustard . . . . . . . . . 100
Soybeans . . . . . . . . 100
Lentils . . . . . . . . . . . 100
Peas . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
Chickpeas . . . . . . . . 100
*includes 10 per cent ‘other’
**includes five per cent ‘other’
***includes one per cent ‘other’

Harvest is virtually complete in the province, with more than 99 per cent of the crop in the bin in all regions. The five-year (2015-2019) average for harvest progress is 88 per cent for this time of year. Farmers continue to do post-harvest field work such as harrowing, applying fertilizer, weed control and preparing to or bringing livestock home. There have been reports that the dry soil conditions and recent cold temperatures have limited fertilizer and herbicide applications for some producers.

Favourable harvest weather throughout the fall allowed for above-average crop quality this year. Producers had few rain delays throughout harvest which allowed them to combine most of the crop in good condition. The majority of crops are reported to be within the top two quality grades.

Crop yields varied throughout the province, depending mainly on the amount of moisture received throughout the season. Overall provincial yields are average with some areas reporting higher than average yields. Extreme lack of moisture in some areas and heat stress during the summer impacted some yields, as well as hail and some drowned out low spots in parts of the northern regions. Average yields are estimated as 46 bushels per acre for hard red spring wheat, 39 bushel per acre for durum, 86 bushel per acre for oats, 67 bushel per acre for barley, 37 bushel per acre for canola, 39 bushel per acre for peas and 1,475 pounds per acre for lentil.

Moisture conditions remain a concern, as much of the province received minimal or below average rainfall this year along with hot temperatures and drying winds throughout the growing season. Parts of the southern and central regions have reported short or very short topsoil moisture conditions for most of the year. Significant precipitation is needed this fall and over winter to replenish moisture levels in the soil and dugouts. Heading into winter, topsoil moisture on cropland is rated as 25 per cent adequate, 42 per cent short and 33 per cent very short. Hay and pasture land topsoil moisture is rated as 19 per cent adequate, 37 per cent short and 44 per cent very short.

Average hay yields on dry land are reported as 1.2 tons per acre (alfalfa), 1.1 tons per acre (alfalfa/brome and wild hay), 1.0 tons per acre (other tame hay) and 1.9 tons per acre (greenfeed). On irrigated land, the estimated average hay yields are 2.8 tons per acre (alfalfa), 2.3 tons per acre (alfalfa/brome), 2.0 tons per acre (wild hay) and 4.2 tons per acre (greenfeed). Most of the hay going into winter is rated as fair to good in quality.

Most livestock producers indicate they will have adequate supplies of hay, straw, greenfeed and feed grain heading into winter. However, producers in drier areas in the southern and central regions have reported many areas will have inadequate winter feed supplies and shortages are likely. Due to the dry conditions this year, dugout, slough and well levels have been low and there are also concerns with livestock water supplies.

With drier than normal field conditions this fall, the number of acres seeded to winter cereals is below normal in most areas. With harvest wrapping up nicely in most regions, there was adequate time for seeding but farmers had concerns of improper germination and establishment prior to winter due to the dry conditions. For a few weeks now, farmers were able to complete fall work such as fixing fences, moving cattle, hauling grain and bales, picking rock, applying fertilizer, spraying weeds and working fields. Farmers continue to do this work into fall, but have slowed down due to more recent cold temperatures and snowfall.

This is the final crop report of the 2020 growing season.

Saskatchewan Harvest - October 19, 2020

 Crop District    Per cent combined  Crop District    Per cent combined  Crop District    Per cent combined

1A

100

4A

100

7A

100

1B

100

4B

100

7B

100

2A

100

5A

100

8A

100

2B

100

5B

100

8B

100

3ASE

100

6A

100

9AE

100

3ASW

100

6B

100

9AW

100

3AN

100

 

 

9B

100

3BS

100

 

 

 

 

3BN

100

 

 

 

 

Provincial Estimated Crop Yields - October 19, 2020
  Winter wheat Fall rye HRSW Other wheat* Durum Oat Barley Canaryseed
Southeast 44 46 45 48 44 72 66 1,324
Southwest 41 33 36 43 35 55 54 1,034
East Central 49 40 45 51 44 77 65 1,209
West Central 40 33 46 57 45 76 66 1,711
Northeast 45 N/A 53 40 N/A 113 78 N/A
Northwest N/A N/A 46 55 N/A 90 72 N/A
Provincial 43 40 46 51 39 86 67 1,243
10 yr. prov. Avg.
(2010-2019)
42 38 40 N/A 38 81 60 1,138
  Flax Canola Mustard Soybean Pea Lentil Chickpea  
Southeast 26 37 1,086 23 41 1,599 1,259  
Southwest 22 27 898 15 34 1,418 1,565  
East Central 25 37 928 32 41 1,410 N/A  
West Central 29 38 1,073 29 40 1,551 N/A  
Northeast 25 40 N/A 19 45 1,764 N/A  
Northwest 28 39 N/A N/A 34 1,500 N/A  
Provincial 25 37 923 25 39 1,475 1,456  
10 yr. prov. avg.
(2010-2019)
23 34 1,024 N/A 35 1,327 1,340  
* 'Other wheat' includes all wheat classes other than Hard Red Spring Wheat
** Crop yield predictions at this point in time. Please keep in mind these are regional averages, and yields can vary greatly across an area.
*** canaryseed, mustard, lentil and chickpea in lbs/ac. All other crops in bu/ac.
**** there is no 10-year provincial average for soybean and 'other wheat' as these categories were first reported in 2014

Maps and Tables

Farmzone.com – Short-term and long-term weather forecasts including P.O.P and precip accumulation; almanac data including sunrise/sunset times; and daily planning forecasts including drying index, growing degree days and crop heat units.