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Southeastern Saskatchewan

Crop District 1 – Carnduff, Estevan, Redvers, Moosomin and Kipling areas;
Crop District 2 – Weyburn, Milestone, Moose Jaw, Regina and Qu'Appelle areas;
Crop District 3ASE – Radville, Minton and Lake Alma areas

For the Period September 28 to October 4, 2021

Harvest is completely wrapped up in the region and producers continue to do fall work as weather conditions allow. Fall weed control and fertilizer applications have slowed down due to the extremely dry soil conditions in some parts of the region. Producers are trying to limit the amount of soil they disturb in order to conserve what little soil moisture they have.

Crop yields varied greatly within the region depending on how much moisture was received throughout the growing season. The region also saw a large yield impact from heat stress, wind, hail and grasshoppers this summer. Yields in this region are slightly higher than other regions due to some decent, timely rains throughout much of the season. Crop quality in the region was good overall, with the majority of crops falling within the top two grades due to limited fall moisture during harvest and limited disease issues.

Moisture conditions continue to remain a major concern. Even with several precipitation events during the growing season, the constant strong winds and the extreme heat in July left the topsoil moisture conditions very depleted in most of the region. Farmland will need significant amounts of moisture before next spring to replenish topsoil and subsoil moisture conditions for the next growing season. Heading into winter, cropland topsoil moisture is rated as 21 per cent adequate, 54 per cent short and 25 per cent very short. Hay and pasture land topsoil moisture is rated as 12 per cent adequate, 36 per cent short and 52 per cent very short.

Average hay yields on dry land are reported (in tons per acre) as: alfalfa 1.2; alfalfa/brome 1.0; other tame hay 0.93; wild hay 0.66; and greenfeed 1.92.

At this time, most livestock producers have indicated that they will most likely have adequate hay, straw, greenfeed and feed grain heading into winter, although producers in drier areas have reported that many will not have adequate winter feed supplies and shortages will be likely. Some producers have reduced the size of their herds in order to stretch their feed supplies longer throughout the winter. Along with affecting hay and feed yields, the dry conditions this year have resulted in shortages or potential shortages of water supplies for livestock as well. Producers have had to haul water to their cattle all season long due to quantity and quality issues; going into winter there are concerns about sourcing water for livestock.

Crop reporters have indicated that acres seeded to winter wheat and fall rye are below average this fall due to drier than normal field conditions; acreage is estimated to fall somewhere between 20 to 25 per cent. There were concerns that crops would not germinate and establish properly for winter due to the severely dry conditions.

Producers are busy cleaning up fields, hauling grain and bales, working low spots, applying fertilizer and herbicides, picking rocks and preparing cattle for winter.

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