The victim is consulted before initiating alternative measures/extrajudicial sanctions. The victim receives information and then chooses whether he or she wishes to participate. The victim's involvement is very important to the process, and every effort is made to invite them to participate if they wish to do so. Many victims want to:
- tell the accused person how they feel about the offence;
- understand the actions of the accused; and/or
- receive some form of compensation.
However, if the victim is unwilling or unable to participate, the case may still go to an alternative measures or extrajudicial sanctions program. Victims sometimes choose someone to represent them, and some programs use a "surrogate victim" to portray the interests of the community.
Even if the victim chooses not to participate, he or she will be advised about the outcome of the case. The victim will also be informed of whether the accused successfully completes the alternative measures/extrajudicial sanctions program.