Saskatchewan is known worldwide as a consistent and reliable supplier of safe, high-quality grains, oilseeds, pulses, livestock and agri-food products. In 2022, Saskatchewan agriculture exports were the largest on record, with total international sales of $18.5 billion. Agricultural exports have increased 58 per cent since 2013, accounting for over one-third of total provincial exports in 2022.
In 2022, Saskatchewan exported more than $3.3 billion in each of our four key crop product sectors: cereal grains, oilseeds, pulses and edible oils.
In 2022, Saskatchewan seeded over seven million hectares of cereal grains to produce more than 21 MMT. Total international exports of cereal grains were 10.6 MMT ($5.9 billion), accounting for almost 50 per cent of Saskatchewan's total agri-food exports by volume in 2022.
Canola and flax drive oilseed production and account for 40 per cent of our province's total agri-food exports (which includes canola seed, oil and meal, and flax seed, oil and meal). In 2022, Saskatchewan exported $3.5 billion in oilseeds to 79 different countries. Saskatchewan produced 9.5 MMT of canola seed in 2022, with exports of $2.7 billion. Saskatchewan's flaxseed production accounted for 73.5 per cent (347,727 metric tonnes) of Canada's total production in 2022.
Saskatchewan is Canada's leader in the production and research of pulses including lentils, dry peas and chickpeas. Saskatchewan farmers produce on average approximately four to five million metric tonnes of pulses annually. In 2022, Saskatchewan produced 2.0 MMT of lentils and 1.6 MMT of dry peas. Saskatchewan exported $3.3 billion worth of pulses to the world in 2022.
Saskatchewan has a diverse livestock industry driven by cattle and hog production. We have the second-largest beef cattle herd in Canada, exporting $229 million worth of live cattle in 2022. Saskatchewan is a world-class provider of beef and hog genetics. The 78 hog producers in our province sell more than 2 million hogs annually. We also have a vibrant sheep, goat, poultry and bison producing industry. Our livestock herd continues to draw international attention, creating investment opportunities in value-added meat processing.
Saskatchewan is the world's leading producer and exporter of many specialty crops such as mustard seed, canary seed and herbs and spices. Other crops produced include honey, Saskatoon berries, organic products and potatoes. Saskatchewan exported $120 million worth of mustard seed in 2022. Canary seed production accounted for 90 per cent (143,947 metric tonnes) of Canada's total production in 2022. Saskatchewan is also home to almost 7,000 farmed elk and deer.
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