- Sexual contact (unprotected vaginal, anal and oral).
- Blood contact (sharing of drug using, tattoo, piercing, or acupuncture equipment).
- Pregnancy, delivery, or breastfeeding (a woman with HIV may pass it on to her child without proper treatment).
HIV doesn’t spread by everyday contact with people such as hugging, shaking hands, or eating meals prepared by people infected with HIV. You cannot get the virus from telephones, toilet seats, swimming pools, hot tubs, water fountains, or by sharing glasses or dishes.
HIV can lead to Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) if not treated. There is no cure for HIV, but medication can treat it. When treated, people living with HIV can have the same healthy lives, relationships, and children, as people without HIV.