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Cost of Termination

The cost to take a forage stand out of production will change depending on which termination strategies are employed. However, what is cost effective for one producer may not be for another. Table 1 outlines the expenses associated with terminating a stand. The cost of any given termination strategy will change with the cost of fuel, equipment and herbicides. Producers must consider geography, environmental conditions, stand composition, efficiency of termination and re-cropping options when determining the economics of forage stand termination.

Table 1. Expenses associated with terminating forage stands.

Termination Strategy Cost per acre*** Your Cost per acre
Tillage alone    
Four tillage operations $8.79 x 4 = $35.14  
One harrow operation = $4.56  
Total $39.70  
Tillage + Herbicides    
Spray glyphosate* at 1.34 litres per acre pre-harvest
(late June-early July) and cut hay
$5.53 + $9.514 = $15.04  
Two tillage operations $8.79 X 2 = $17.58  
Pre-seed glyphosate burn-off at 0.67 litres per acre $5.53 + 4.76 = $10.29  
Total $42.91  
Herbicides alone  
Spray glyphosate at 1.34 litres per acre
+ 0.5 L per acre 2,4-D** on regrowth (late August-early September)
$5.53 + $9.51 +$5.20 = $20.25  
Pre-seed glyphosate burn-off at 0.67 litres per acre $6.00 + 4.76 = $10.76  
Total $31.00  

*540 gram active ingredient per litre glyphosate formulation
**2,4-D 700 Ester
***Herbicide costs based on February , 2019 retail price ($7.10 per litre and $10.40 per litre for glyphosate and 2,4-D respectively). Custom rates were based on values in the Ministry's 2018-19 Farm Machinery Custom and Rental Rate Guide

Refer to the latest version of the Guide to Crop Protection for grazing, haying and re-cropping restrictions and lists of registered tank mixes.

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