Land use planning is the scientific, aesthetic, and orderly use of land, resources, facilities and services to secure the physical, economic and social efficiency, health and well-being of communities. An OCP and zoning bylaw is the tool which provides authority for councils to legally enforce land use decisions.
An OCP is based on community values & assets. To effectively plan, a municipality must inventory its assets and establish what additional assets are needed to support new development. This information allows a municipality to direct and control development consistent with existing and planned infrastructure.