The risk for Lyme disease is low in Saskatchewan, but not zero.
Most ticks (97 per cent) found in Saskatchewan are the American dog tick. This species is not capable of transmitting Lyme disease to people. Rocky Mountain wood ticks and the winter tick (or moose tick) are also found in Saskatchewan.
As of December 31 2018, 28,899 ticks have been collected and identified in Saskatchewan since 2008, only 71 were black-legged ticks. Among these 71, only 10 black-legged ticks tested positive for the bacterium that causes Lyme disease.
Detailed surveillance data.
Black-legged ticks are most often found in southern British Columbia, southeastern and south-central Manitoba, southern, eastern and northwestern Ontario, southern Quebec, southern New Brunswick and Grand Manan Island, and parts of Nova Scotia. Visit the Public Health Agency of Canada’s website for detailed information about risk areas across Canada.
Black-legged ticks are spreading elsewhere in Canada. Established populations of black-legged ticks have not been identified in Saskatchewan; but, infected ticks may be dropped off by migrating birds. People may be exposed to black-legged ticks in wooded areas as well as brushy, overgrown areas between woods and open spaces.
The adults are quite small (about the size of a sesame seed) and the immature stages are even smaller (the size of a freckle or a pin head).
Photo courtesy of Robbin Lindsay, National Microbiology Laboratory, Public Health Agency of Canada
Ticks can transmit the bacteria regardless of what stage they are at in their life cycle. You may not know you have been bitten, since ticks are very small and their bites are usually painless. See below for precautions to take to prevent tick bites.
Ticks are most active when the weather warms up in the spring (temperatures higher than 4°C) and remain active until the freeze-up occurs. The greatest risk of getting a tick bite occurs during spring and summer months.