Google Translate Disclaimer

A number of pages on the Government of Saskatchewan`s web site have been professionally translated in French. These translations are identified by a yellow text box that resembles the link below and can be found in the right hand rail of the page. The home page for French-language content on this site can be found here:

Renseignements en Français

Where an official translation is not available, Google™ Translate can be used. Google™ Translate is a free online language translation service that can translate text and web pages into different languages. Translations are made available to increase access to Government of Saskatchewan content for populations whose first language is not English.

The results of software-based translation do not approach the fluency of a native speaker or possess the skill of a professional translator. The translation should not be considered exact, and may include incorrect or offensive language Government of Saskatchewan does not warrant the accuracy, reliability or timeliness of any information translated by this system. Some files or items cannot be translated, including graphs, photos, and other file formats such as portable document formats (PDFs).

Any person or entities that rely on information obtained from the system does so at his or her own risk. Government of Saskatchewan is not responsible for any damage or issues that may possibly result from using translated website content. If you have any questions about Google™ Translate, please visit: Google™ Translate FAQs.

Pasture Lease Agreements Provide Security

By: Kari Burnett, PAg, Regional Farm Business Management Specialist

Leasing private pasture land is a common arrangement in Saskatchewan.  A detailed written lease agreement provides a legal document that sets out the terms of contract between the landlord and the tenant.  Both parties should carefully examine the agreement and get legal advice to ensure the terms and conditions are acceptable and address all their concerns.

A cash rental is the most common agreement.  The landlord is paid a fixed sum each year and the tenant in return receives full use of the land for the indicated purposes and all income produced from the pasture.  The key inputs in the pasture rental agreement are the land and cattle, but there are normally other costs to consider such as fencing, taxes, and pasture rejuvenation.  There may also be other revenues such as government payments.  An effective lease agreement will determine in advance how all costs and income are to be treated.

The carrying capacity and stocking rates will impact the lease rate.  Carrying capacity is the average number of grazing animals that can graze the forage year-after-year without damaging the vegetation or soil.  Stocking rate is the actual number of animals or animal units on the pasture for a specified period of time.  Carrying capacity does not fluctuate yearly, while stocking rate does fluctuate due to the impact of weather on the amount of forage production. The number of grazing days should be stipulated in the lease agreement to prevent over-grazing and to ensure proper pasture rejuvenation.  Regional Forage Specialists with the Ministry of Agriculture can provide more in-depth information on stocking rates, carrying capacity and pasture productivity.

In addition to negotiating the lease rate, the landlord and tenant must also agree on who is responsible for fencing repairs and for surveillance of livestock, water supply and pasture condition.  The landlord may want to establish restrictions on the use of pesticides where use of the land for activities other than grazing livestock.

A leasing agreement should also address liability issues for both parties and provide flexibility of lease terms in the event of drought or adverse weather conditions.  The parties involved may have differing assumptions on their roles and responsibilities if they are not clearly stated in the agreement.

Lease rates can be negotiated based on a variety of methods.  An example from lease rate calculations and sample pasture lease agreements is included in the publication Pasture Lease Agreement available by contacting your local regional services office.

Both parties and their estates are protected by a well-written agreement, which includes these considerations, as well as specifying the duration of the rental period and the termination conditions.

For more information stop by or contact your local Regional Office or contact the Agriculture Knowledge Centre at 1-866-457-2377. 

We need your feedback to improve Help us improve