View the Bertha Armyworm Map of Cumulative Moth Counts – August 2, 2017
(Maps are updated regularly throughout the growing season.)
The risk from bertha armyworm to Saskatchewan crops is expected to be low for 2017. Historically, bertha armyworm outbreaks tend to last for two to three years in an area, with eight to 10 years between outbreaks. The last year of significant infestations was 2013, so it is expected that this is a low end of the historical bertha armyworm cycle. However, in 2016, what should have been a year of low numbers of bertha armyworm, there were a few locations in central Saskatchewan that had high numbers of moths in traps and economic populations of larvae required insecticide control. Therefore, the risk map will provide important information in case higher risk areas are identified.
The map displays the cumulative male moth counts reported from traps at more than 200 locations in Saskatchewan. The map is updated weekly until early August.
Generally, cruciferous crops such as canola and mustard are at risk from bertha armyworm. However, other crops, including flax, can be impacted. The map is intended to display risk on a regional basis. Individual field monitoring will be important in the coming weeks in order to determine if control measures will be necessary. Keep in mind that there have been situations where high populations of moths in traps have not corresponded to high numbers in adjacent fields.
Emergence of the bertha armyworm moths is highly dependent on temperature. In 2017, moths started to emerge in some areas by mid-June. Peak emergence tends to be about mid-July, providing warning before the destructive larvae hatch and become active.
When scouting for eggs, there can be differences between canola cultivars. Research has noted that Bertha armyworm egg-laying varied substantially among different species of Brassica plants. In some cultivars, the number of eggs was high but larval damage was limited. Furthermore, crop staging seemed to affect egg-laying, as well. Plants in full flower had the highest number of eggs compared to the pre-flower and podding stages.
General recommendations for observed moth numbers (from pheromone traps):
- 0 to 300 = low risk; control measures unlikely in most cases.
- 300 to 900 = uncertain, most variability for this level; periodic monitoring of fields to verify actual numbers of larvae (especially bolting fields) is required.
- 900 to 1,200 = moderate risk; check for larvae and evidence of damage.
- 1,200 to 1,500 = high risk; monitor fields more frequently.
The Ministry of Agriculture monitors for insects through a network of cooperators across Saskatchewan that provide numbers of adult bertha armyworm moths captured in pheromone-baited traps. Each trap contains an artificial pheromone that mimics the natural bertha armyworm female attractant. Co-operators include producers, Regional Crops Specialists, researchers and industry agronomists.
For information on bertha armyworm and economic thresholds refer to the Saskatchewan Agriculture Bertha Armyworm webpage.