By Mitchell Japp, PAg, Provincial Specialist, Cereal Crops
The Canadian Grain Commission’s (CGC) Wheat Class Modernization will move several western wheat classes to new quality standards. In order to ensure that all varieties meet the new standards, the CGC has been reviewing suitability of wheat varieties for their current market class. The review was due, in part, to some concerns about declining gluten strength in Canadian wheat shipments.
On Aug. 1, the CGC will eliminate:
- Canada Western Interim Wheat (CWIW);
- Canada Western General Purpose (CWGP); and
- Canada Western Feed classes.
On Aug. 1, the CGC will create:
- Canada Northern Hard Red (CNHR); and
- Canada Western Special Purpose (CWSP).
All varieties currently in CWIW will move to CNHR. All varieties currently in CWGP will move to CWSP. There are no designated varieties in the Canada Western Feed class. Feed grades will remain on grading tables for individual classes.
In two years (Aug. 1, 2018), the CGC will move 25 varieties out of Canada Western Red Spring (CWRS) and four varieties out of Canada Prairie Spring Red (CPSR) into CNHR. These varieties will not meet the new quality parameters for CWRS and CPSR. The new quality parameters will ensure western Canadian wheat is more consistent and in line with customer expectations.
None of the varieties being moved will be ineligible to grow, but producers should be familiar with the changes so they sign the class declaration accurately when delivering wheat. The CGC has variety designation lists online that will be kept up to date. Specific details on which varieties are moving are also available on the CGC website.
While all the previous changes are well defined, there are more varieties (unknown number) that are being reviewed in 2016 and 2017 to see if they will meet new requirements. There may be further announcements of varieties that will change classes beyond 2018.